Lamanna WC, Lawrence R, Sarrazin S, Lameda-Diaz C, Gordts PL, Moremen KW, Esko JD. (2012) A genetic model of substrate reduction therapy for mucopolysaccharidosis. J Biol Chem. 287(43):36283-90. PMID: 22952226. PMCID: PMC3476295
Inherited defects in the ability to catabolize glycosaminoglycans result in lysosomal storage disorders known as mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS), causing severe pathology, particularly in the brain. Enzyme replacement therapy has been used to treat mucopolysaccharidoses; however, neuropathology has remained refractory to this approach. To test directly whether substrate reduction might be feasible for treating MPS disease, we developed a genetic model for substrate reduction therapy by crossing MPS IIIa mice with animals partially deficient in heparan sulfate biosynthesis due to heterozygosity in Ext1 and Ext2, genes that encode the copolymerase required for heparan sulfate chain assembly. Reduction of heparan sulfate by 30-50% using this genetic strategy ameliorated the amount of disease-specific biomarker and pathology in multiple tissues, including the brain. In addition, we were able to demonstrate that substrate reduction therapy can improve the efficacy of enzyme replacement therapy in cell culture and in mice. These results provide proof of principle that targeted inhibition of heparan sulfate biosynthetic enzymes together with enzyme replacement might prove beneficial for treating mucopolysaccharidoses.
Link to journal: http://www.jbc.org/