Nycholat CM, Peng W, McBride R, Antonopoulos A, de Vries RP, Polonskaya Z, Finn MG, Dell A, Haslam SM, Paulson JC. Synthesis of Biologically Active N- and O-Linked Glycans with Multisialylated Poly-N-acetyllactosamine Extensions Using P. damsela α2-6 Sialyltransferase. J Am Chem Soc. 135(49):18280-3. PMID: 24256304 PMCID: PMC3901641.
Sialosides on N- and O-linked glycoproteins play a fundamental role in many biological processes, and synthetic glycan probes have proven to be valuable tools for elucidating these functions. Though sialic acids are typically found α2-3- or α2-6-linked to a terminal nonreducing end galactose, poly-LacNAc extended core-3 O-linked glycans isolated from rat salivary glands and human colonic mucins have been reported to contain multiple internal Neu5Acα2-6Gal epitopes. Here, we have developed an efficient approach for the synthesis of a library of N- and O-linked glycans with multisialylated poly-LacNAc extensions, including naturally occurring multisialylated core-3 O-linked glycans. We have found that a recombinant α2-6 sialyltransferase from Photobacterium damsela (Pd2,6ST) exhibits unique regioselectivity and is able to sialylate internal galactose residues in poly-LacNAc extended glycans which was confirmed by MS/MS analysis. Using a glycan microarray displaying this library, we found that Neu5Acα2-6Gal specific influenza virus hemagglutinins, siglecs, and plant lectins are largely unaffected by adjacent internal sialylation, and in several cases the internal sialic acids are recognized as ligands. Polyclonal IgY antibodies specific for internal sialoside epitopes were elicited in inoculated chickens.
Link to journal: http://pubs.acs.org/journal/jacsat