The role of hyaluronan in innate defense responses of the intestine

de la Motte CA, Kessler SP. Int J Cell Biol. 2015;2015:481301. doi: 10.1155/2015/481301. Review. PMID: 25922605

Hyaluronan is an abundant extracellular matrix component prevalent in the vertebrate intestinal tract. Here we discuss what is known about hyaluronan distribution during homeostasis and inflammatory diseases of the gut and discuss ways in which this glycosaminoglycan can participate in regulating innate host defense mechanisms. These natural responses include mechanisms promoting rapid leukocyte recruitment after bacterial challenge/colon tissue damage as well as promoting epithelial defense mechanisms in the intestine.