Mack JA, Feldman RJ, Itano N, Kimata K, Lauer M, Hascall VC, Maytin EV. (2012) Enhanced inflammation and accelerated wound closure following tetraphorbol ester application or full-thickness wounding in mice lacking hyaluronan synthases Has1 and Has3. J Invest Dermatol. 132(1):198-207. doi: 10.1038/jid.2011.248. PMID: 21850020; PMCID: PMC3360468.
Hyaluronan (HA) is an abundant matrix molecule, the function of which in the skin remains to be fully defined. To explore the roles of HA in cutaneous injury responses, double-knockout mice (abbreviated as Has1/3 null) that lack two HA synthase enzymes (Has1 and Has3), but still express functional Has2, were used in two types of experiments: (i) application of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) and (ii) full-thickness wounding of the skin. Uninjured Has1/3-null mice were phenotypically normal. However, after TPA, the accumulation of HA that normally occurs in wild-type epidermis was blunted in Has1/3-null epidermis. In excisional wound-healing experiments, wound closure was significantly faster in Has1/3 null than in wild-type mice. Coincident with this abnormal wound healing, a marked decrease in epidermal and dermal HA and a marked increase in neutrophil efflux from cutaneous blood vessels were observed in Has1/3-null skin relative to wild-type skin. Has1/3-null wounds displayed an earlier onset of myofibroblast differentiation. In summary, selective loss of Has1 and Has3 leads to a proinflammatory milieu that favors recruitment of neutrophils and other inflammation-related changes in the dermis.
Link to journal: http://www.nature.com/jid/index.html